Tesfa Tours trips in Ethiopia focus on Community Tourism
We believe community tourism means holidays that support local communities, but we also believe that holidays must give our guests a wonderful time.
Tesfa Tours was set up in 2010 to take on the mantle of promoting the community tourism that has been developed in Ethiopia under Mark Chapman’s guidance since 1999. Our holidays all include a key element of this community tourism. To ensure this we are working closely with the communities, the guides and other stakeholders to ensure the success of this special ‘project’ that now involves over 20 comunities serving food and hosting guests in both the Wollo (Lalibela) and Tigray areas.
True community tourism is a partnership between philanthropic businesses and community run enterprises. This partnership should enable local communities to generate sustainable improvements in their livelihood through the development of their own tourism related enterprises, while also contributing to the protection of their physical and cultural environments. Thus community tourism is not merely tourism that benefits the communities but tourism in which a part of the product is owned by the communities. This means that not only do benefits (including income) flow directly to the community but they learn to make decisions and run their own businesses.The result is a dignified and well balanced relationship between the service giver: the community, and the service receiver: the guest. This itself means a dignified and well balanced relationship between the service giver: the community, and the service receiver: the guest – you!
Mark Chapman began developing the concept of community tourism in the mountains around Lalibela in 1999, when he joined the SOS Sahel team who were working on an integrated rural development programme in Meket Woreda (District).
He envisaged a network of community run tourism enterprises that would allow tourists to trek across the remarkable landscape, getting closer to the real culture of the Ethiopian highlands, and at the same time put precious money into the local communities for whom farming is becoming ever more precarious a livelihood. During the early days the big challenge was persuading the communities that tourism was an option and that it would bring them benefits. Mark first visited Mequat Mariam in Nov 2000, and after lengthy discussion work started there early in 2002. In late 2002 the SOS Sahel project came to an early end, and with it the Community Tourism pilot project.
Setting up the NGO
In 2003 the donors approached Save the Children UK to continue some of SOS Sahel’s work including the Community Tourism, as part of a livelihood development programme. At the same time Mark and some of the SOS Sahel team members set up a local NGO called T.E.S.F.A. (Tourism in Ethiopia for Sustainable Future Alternatives), and it was to TESFA that Save the Children turned to implement the community tourism component of their project. TESFA was first registered in 2003 as Tourism in Ethiopia for Sustainable Future Alternatives, a non-profit making, local Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) or charity. In late 2009 TESFA re-registered under the new Charities & Civil Society legislation as TESFA Community-based Tourism (or TESFA CbT for short).
TESFA CbT had a head office in Addis and field offices in Lalibela (Wollo) and Adigrat (Tigray). Funding partners who have enabled the Community Tourism to grow: TESFA initially operated as part of a Save the Children (UK) project to develop rural livelihoods in the area with funding the Royal Netherlands Embassy. The project which began in 2004, ran up to April 2008.
From 2006 -2010 TESFA CbT received grants from the Irish Embassy/Irish Aid which enabled the setting up of the Guiding Enterprise in Lalibela and the a marketing & booking support service in Addis. The British Embassy has also provided grants to develop the marketing and further expand the operation in Meket. Additional funding was received in 2007/2008 from the German Embassy, www.responsibletravel.com, the Tresillian Trust, ICAP, the Embassy Wives fund and numerous clients and supporters who have enabled TESFA to extend the network of community tourism sites in Meket Woreda and on to Abuna Yoseph where TESFA are working in collaboration with Frankfurt Zoological Society to help conserve the fragile environment on this mountain home to the threatened and endemic Ethiopia Wolf. In addition many individuals have made donations to the TESFA cause which enabled them to continue the community work. A big thank you to everyone who has contributed. In 2010 Mark left TESFA CbT to set up Tesfa Tours with the intention of continuing the marketing of the Tesfa Community Tourism.
In March 2012 after many internal problems, TESFA CbT finally ceased to operate. Tesfa Tours was able to provide guests with a continued booking service and continue its marketing of the Tesfa product.
Tesfa Tours is now forging a link with Village Ways in developing and promoting community tourism in Ethiopia. Village Ways are experts and developing community run guest houses in India and their guest houses bare remarkable similarities to the community run accommodation that Mark and Tesfa have developed in Ethiopia. Village Ways now plans to fund further development of village houses on the Tigray trek and possibly in Meket as well.